Gafacom

For health. For knowledge

Diseases and conditions

  • Empiric treatment of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    Empiric treatment of PID must take into account the spectrum of organisms that contribute to this infection as well as the severity of illness. All regimens should be effective against N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis.
  • Empiric treatment of Meningitis
    Gram-negative diplococci indicate N. meningitidis, which should be treated with penicillin G or ampicillin. Small pleomorphic gram-negative bacilli are consistent with H. influenzae, which is treated with a third-generation cephalosporin (cefotaxime, ceftriaxone).
  • Empiric treatment of Otitis Media
    High-dose amoxicillin is first-line therapy for acute otitis media. At first glance, this agent appears to be an odd choice for the treatment of an infection caused by bacteria that are often penicillin resistant.

Medicines

  • DUPIXENT® (dupilumab) injection
    DUPIXENT is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients aged 6 months and older with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) whose disease is not adequately controlled with topical prescription therapies or when those therapies are not advisable.
  • EMGALITY (galcanezumab-gnlm) injection
    EMGALITY (galcanezumab-gnlm) injection is a humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody specific for calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) ligand. EMGALITY is indicated for the preventive treatment of migraine in adults.
  • DIOFULVIN TABLETS® (Griseofulvin® tablets 500mg)
    Diofulvin is a fungistatic antibiotic that exert its effects by inhibiting fungal cell division through disruption of mitotic spindle structure. Each tab contains 500mg. Diofulvin is indicated for Dermatophyte, infection of the skin, scalp, hair and nails where topical therapy has failed or is inappropriate.

Health and Well-being

  • What is neurofibromatosis?
    Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetic neurological disorder that can affect the brain, spinal cord, nerves and skin. Tumors, or neurofibromas, grow along the body’s nerves or on or underneath the skin. Scientists have classified NF into two distinct types: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and NF2.
  • Hereditary Huntington’s disease
    People with HD also develop impaired coordination, slurred speech, and difficulty feeding and swallowing. HD typically begins between ages 30 and 50. An earlier onset form called juvenile HD occurs under age 20.  Its symptoms differ somewhat from adult onset HD and include rigidity, slowness, difficulty at school, rapid involuntary muscle jerks called myoclonus, and seizures.
  • What do we know about heredity progeria?
    Progeria is an extremely rare genetic disease of childhood characterized by dramatic, premature aging. The condition, which derives its name from “geras,” the Greek word for old age, is estimated to affect one in 4 million newborns worldwide. While possessing normal intelligence, affected children develop a distinctive appearance characterized by baldness, aged-looking skin, a pinched nose, and a small face and jaw relative to head size.

Anatomy and Physiology

  • Cricothyrotomy
    A cricothyrotomy is an incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane to establish a patent airway during certain life-threatening situations
  • Tracheotomy
    The term “tracheotomy” refers to the incision into the trachea (windpipe) that forms a temporary or permanent opening, which is called a “tracheostomy,” however; the terms are sometimes used interchangeably.
  • Brain mechanism of movement
    Motor neurons are the final common path to the muscles that move your bones. However, the brain has a major problem controlling the activity of these cells. Which muscles should it move to achieve any particular action, by how much, and in what order

Sources