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Diseases and conditions

  • Varicella (chickenpox)
    A primary infection follows and is characterized by a flu-like syndrome with malaise, fever, and development of a pruritic maculopapular rash on the trunk, which becomes vesicular and then crusts.
  • VAGINITIS types, causes and treatment
    Inflammation and infection of the vagina are common gynecologic complaints, resulting from a variety of patho­gens, allergic reactions to vaginal contraceptives or other products, vaginal atrophy, or friction during coitus.
  • CARCINOMA OF THE ENDOMETRIUM
    Endometrial cancer starts when cells in the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) start to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other parts of the body.
  • CARCINOMA OF THE VULVA
    Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. This cancer begins in the thin, flat cells that line the surface of the vulva. Most vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Vulvar melanoma. This cancer begins in the pigment-producing cells found in the skin of the vulva.
  • Degenerative joint disease (Osteoarthritis)
    Osteoarthritis, the most common form of joint disease, is chiefly a disease of aging. Ninety percent of all people have radiographic features of osteoarthritis in weight-bearing joints by age 40.
  • Chronic Diarrhea causes and treatment
    The causes of chronic diarrhea may be grouped into the following major pathophysiologic categories: medications, osmotic diarrheas, secretory conditions, inflammatory conditions, malabsorptive conditions, motility disorders, chronic infections, and systemic disorders.

Medicines

  • RABEKIND-20 (Rabeprazole Sodium)
    Rabeprazole sodium belongs to the class of anti-secretory compounds, the substituted benzimidazole, that do not exhibit anticholinergic or H2 histamine properties, but suppress gastric secretion by the specific inhibition of the H+/K+-ATPase enzyme (the acid or proton pump). The effect is dose-related and leads to inhibition of both basal and stimulated acid secretion irrespective of the stimulus.
  • Promethazine injection B.P (PROVITA)
    Promethazine is a phenothiazine derivative with potent antihistaminic and sedative-hypnotic effects. It also has antiemetic, antivertigo, anti-motion sickness, anticholinergic effects and local anaesthetic actions. Antihistamines competitively and reversibly antagonize the effects of histamine at the H1-receptor sites on effector cells which are responsible for vasodilation, increased capillary permeability, flare and itch reactions in the skin
  • Korandil (Enalapril Maleate)
    Enalapril, the active ingredient of Korandil, belongs to the group of medicines called Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. These medicines are mostly prescribed to treat all grades of essential hypertension. Korandil works by widening your blood vessels. This lowers your blood pressure. This medicine usually starts to work within an hour, and the effect lasts for at least 24 hours.
  • SALBUMOL (Salbutamol)
    Salbutamol is a selective β-2 adrenoceptor agonist. It has very little or no action on the β-1 receptors of the heart. At therapeutic doses, salbutamol acts on the β-2 receptors of the bronchial muscle, the end effect being dilation of the bronchial airways through relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and reduction of airway resistance.
  • AMLODAC (Amlodipine Basilate Tablets)
    Amlodipine is a calcium ion influx inhibitor of the dihydropyridine group (slow channel blocker or calcium ion antagonist) and inhibits the trans-membrane influx of calcium ions into cardiac and vascular smooth muscles. The mechanism of the antihypertensive action of amlodipine is due to a direct relaxant effect on vascular smooth muscles.
  • Ampoxin (Ampicillin and Cloxacillin)
    Ampicillin is an aminopenicillin with a broad spectrum of activity. Cloxacillin is an isoxazolyl penicillin and is bactericidal in action. Ampoxin is indicated for use for the immediate treatment of severe bacterial infections, before the infecting organism(s) is identified. It can be considered for all suspected mixed Staphyloccocal and Gram negative infections.

Health and Well-being

  • Trimethylaminuria
    Trimethylaminuria is a metabolic condition in which an individual is not able to convert trimethylamine into a compound called trimethylamine N-oxide. Trimethylaminuria, has been around for centuries, but has only gained scientific recognition and support in the past 30 years. Trimethylamine is the compound that gives fish the fishy odor. Trimethylamine N-oxide does not smell.
  • What is phenylketonuria (PKU)?
    Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inherited disorder of metabolism that causes an increase in the blood of a chemical known as phenylalanine. Phenylalanine comes from a person’s diet and is used by the body to make proteins. Phenylalanine is found in all food proteins and in some artificial sweeteners.
  • What is Familial Mediterranean Fever?
    FMF is characterized by relatively short, usually 1- to 3-day, episodes of fever accompanied with serositis, synovitis or skin rash. In some patients, attacks begin in infancy or very early childhood, but 80 to 90 percent of patients experience their first episode by age 20. Young children sometimes present with recurrent fevers alone.
  • What is Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
    The symptoms usually appear before age 6 and may appear as early as infancy. Typically, the first noticeable symptom is delay of motor milestones, including sitting and standing independently. The mean age for walking in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is 18 months. There is progressive muscle weakness of the legs and pelvic muscles, which is associated with a loss of muscle mass (wasting).
  • What is Dercum disease?
    Dercum disease – also known as Adiposis Dolorosa, Anders’ syndrome and Dercum-Vitaut syndrome – is a rare condition that is characterized by multiple, painful fatty lipomas (benign, fatty tumors) that occur chiefly in post-menopausal, obese women of middle age. However, although it is 20 times more common in women, 16 percent of the reported cases are males and it can also occur in people who are not obese.
  • What do we know about hereditary hemochromatosis?
    HH causes the body to absorb too much iron. Normally humans extract needed iron from food via the intestines. When there is an adequate amount of iron, the body reduces its absorption to avoid excessive accumulations. In a person with HH, the mechanism for regulating iron absorption is faulty and the body absorbs too much iron.

Anatomy and Physiology

  • Cricothyrotomy
    A cricothyrotomy is an incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane to establish a patent airway during certain life-threatening situations
  • Tracheotomy
    The term “tracheotomy” refers to the incision into the trachea (windpipe) that forms a temporary or permanent opening, which is called a “tracheostomy,” however; the terms are sometimes used interchangeably.
  • Brain mechanism of movement
    Motor neurons are the final common path to the muscles that move your bones. However, the brain has a major problem controlling the activity of these cells. Which muscles should it move to achieve any particular action, by how much, and in what order
  • Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia
    Potassium is the most abundant intracellular cation. 98% of potassium is found intracellular with ¾ of the total body potassium in skeletal muscles. The average daily requirement is 1 mmol/kg.
  • Hypercalcaemia and Hypocalcaemia
    Calcium plays a very important role in the body. It is necessary for normal functioning of nerves, cells, muscle, and bone.Normal serum level is 8.5 to 10 .5 mg/dl
  • Hypernatremia and Hyponatremia
    Sodium is a type of metal that is very reactive. Since it’s so reactive, sodium is never found in free form in nature. Instead, sodium is always found as a salt. The most common dietary form of sodium is sodium chloride.

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