For health. For knowledge

Diseases and conditions

  • What is LymphangioleioMyomatosis?
    LAM, or lymphangioleiomyomatosis, is a rare type of lung disease that affects mostly women of childbearing age (the years between puberty and menopause when it is possible to become pregnant). Symptoms of LAM may include shortness of breath, tiredness, and cough. LAM can be difficult to diagnose, as the symptoms often look like asthma, bronchitis, and other lung diseases.
  • What Is Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis?
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious chronic (long term) disease that affects the tissue surrounding the air sacs, or alveoli, in your lungs. This condition develops when that lung tissue becomes thick and stiff for unknown reasons. Over time, these changes can cause permanent scarring in the lungs, called fibrosis, that makes it progressively more difficult to breathe.
  • Low Blood Pressure
    Low blood pressure occurs when blood flows through your blood vessels at lower than normal pressures. The medical term for low blood pressure is hypotension. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as the heart pumps blood. It is usually described as two numbers: systolic and diastolic.


Health and Well-being

  • What Are Interstitial Lung Diseases?
    Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a group of several disorders that can cause scarring in your lungs. The scar tissue in your lungs affects your lungs’ ability to carry oxygen and can make it harder for you to breathe normally. In ILDs, scarring damages tissues in or around the lungs’ air sacs, or alveoli, and airways.
  • What Is Heart Surgery and its Risks?
    Heart surgery is done to correct problems with the heart. Your provider may recommend surgery after lifestyle changes, medicines, or other procedures no longer work. Heart surgery may also be done in an emergency situation, such as a heart attack. Each year, more than 2 million people around the world have open-heart surgery to treat various heart problems.
  • What Is Marfan Syndrome?
    Marfan syndrome is a condition some people are born with. This condition affects a protein in the body that helps build healthy connective tissues. Connective tissues support the bones, muscles, and organs in your body and allow your skin, blood vessels, and ligaments to stretch. People who have Marfan syndrome may be tall and thin and have long arms, legs, fingers, and toes, as well as flexible joints.

Anatomy and Physiology

  • Cricothyrotomy
    A cricothyrotomy is an incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane to establish a patent airway during certain life-threatening situations
  • Tracheotomy
    The term “tracheotomy” refers to the incision into the trachea (windpipe) that forms a temporary or permanent opening, which is called a “tracheostomy,” however; the terms are sometimes used interchangeably.
  • Brain mechanism of movement
    Motor neurons are the final common path to the muscles that move your bones. However, the brain has a major problem controlling the activity of these cells. Which muscles should it move to achieve any particular action, by how much, and in what order