Primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is diagnosed in patients who have venous or arterial occlusions or pregnancy complications (ie, three or more first-trimester miscarriages, unexplained fetal death and premature birth before 34 weeks of gestation
Sexual dysfunction includes pain during intercourse, involuntary painful contraction (spasm) of the muscles around the vagina, and lack of interest in (desire for) sex and problems with arousal or orgasm.
Dyspepsia refers to acute, chronic, or recurrent pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen. A 2017 American College of Gastroenterology guideline has further defined clinically relevant dyspepsia as predominant epigastric pain for at least 1 month.
Budd-Chiari syndrome is obstruction of hepatic venous outflow that originates anywhere from the small hepatic veins inside the liver to the inferior vena cava and right atrium. Manifestations range from no symptoms to fulminant liver failure.
Hiccups (singultus) are involuntary synchronous contractions of the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm that cause sudden inspiration. This leads to closure of the glottis and is accompanied by a characteristic sound.
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