Calcium silicate occurs as a crystalline or amorphous white or of white material, and often exists in different hydrate forms.
USP-NF: Calcium Silicate
Calcium hydrosilicate; calcium metasilicate; calcium monosilicate; calcium polysilicate; Micro-Cel; okenite; silicic acid, calcium salt; tobermorite.
Chemical Name and CAS Registry Number: Calcium silicate [1344-95-2]
Empirical Formula and Molecular Weight: CaSiO3 116.2
Functional Category: Adsorbent; anticaking agent; opacifier; tablet filler.
Applications in Pharmaceutical Formulation or Technology
Calcium silicate is used as a filler aid for oral pharmaceuticals. It has also been used in pharmaceutical preparations as an antacid. The main applications of calcium silicate relate to its anticaking properties, and it has therefore been used in dusting powders and a range of different cosmetic products (e.g. face powders, eye shadow).
Method of Manufacture
Calcium silicate is a naturally occurring mineral, but for commercial applications it is usually prepared from lime and diatomaceous earth under carefully controlled conditions.