Breast reconstruction is the creation of a new breast shape, or mound, using surgery. It may be done after removal of a whole breast (mastectomy) or part of the breast (breast-conserving surgery).
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy is the study of the structure and relationship between body parts.
Physiology is the study of the function of body parts and the body as a whole. This category lists articles that explains about body parts and their functions
Radical abdominal hysterectomy was developed in the late nineteenth century for the treatment of cancer of the cervix uteri and upper vagina. The procedure was originally described in 1895 by Clark and Reis, but Wertheim is credited for the development and improvement of the basic technique of radical hysterectomy.
Pelvic exenteration is an extensive surgical procedure performed for locally advanced cancers in the pelvis. Since the time Brunschwig described Pelvic Exenteration in 1948 for advanced cervical cancer, this procedure has evolved over decades. Traditionally a multivisceral resection in the pelvis involves total extirpation of the pelvic viscera (bladder, uterus in women and rectum) with a permanent colostomy and urinary conduit.