Cytopathologic techniques: Applications and advantages
Cytopathology is the study of cells from various body sites to determine the cause or natureof disease.
Applications of cytopathology:
The main applications of cytology include the following:
1. Screening for the early detection of asymptomatic cancer For example, the examination of scrapings from cervix for early detection and prevention of cervical cancer.
2. Diagnosis of symptomatic cancer
Cytopathology may be used alone or in conjunction with other modalities to diagnose tumors revealed by physical or radio-logical examinations. It can be used in the diagnos is of cysts, inflammatory conditions and infections of various organs.
3. Surveillance of patients treated for cancer For some types of cancers, cytology is the most feasible method of surveillance to detect recurrence. The best example is periodic urine cytology to monitor the recurrence of cancer of the urinary tract.
Advantages of cytologic examination
Compared to histopathologic technique it is cheap, takes less time and needs no anesthesia to take specimens. Therefore, it is appropriate for developing countries with limited resources like Ethiopia. In addition, it is complementary to histopathological examination