Definitions and descriptions

Definitions and descriptions

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There are currently 12 terms in this directory beginning with the letter K.
Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS)
It is a malignant tumour of angio–formative cells usually starting from the skin but occasionally involving many other organs of the body. Kaposi sarcoma can be primarily categorized into four types: epidemic of AIDS–related, immunocompromised, classic or sporadic, and endemic (African).
Keratin (KER-uh-tin)
A protein produced by epidermal cells; found in the epidermis, hair, and nails (from the Greek “horn”).
Keratinocyte (KER-uh-TIN-oh-sight)
A cell of the epidermis, produces keratin before dying.
Ketoacidosis (KEY-toh-ass-i-DOH-sis)
A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones in the blood when fats and proteins are used for energy production.
Ketones (KEY-tohns)
Organic acid molecules that are formed from fats or amino acids when these nutrients are used for energy production; include acetone and acetoacetic acid.
Ketonuria (KEY-ton-YOO-ree-ah)
The presence of ketones in urine.
Kidney Transplantation
Kidney transplantation is one of the kidney replacement therapies with good outcomes in morbidity and mortality. A Kidney Transplant recipient (KTR) is a fully rehabilitated individual who is capable of contributing to the society.
Kidneys (KID-nees)
The two organs on either side of the vertebral column in the upper abdomen that produce urine to eliminate waste products and to regulate the volume, pH, and fluid–electrolyte balance of the blood.
Kilocalorie (KILL-oh-KAL-oh-ree)
A Calorie, which is 1000 calories; used to indicate the energy content of foods or the energy expended in activity.
Krebs cycle (KREBS SIGH-kuhl)
The stage of cell respiration comprising a series of reactions in which pyruvic acid or acetyl CoA is broken down to carbon dioxide and ATP is formed; aerobic; takes place in the mitochondria of cells (Syn.—citric acid cycle).
Kupffer cells (KUP-fer SELLS)
The macrophages of the liver; phagocytize pathogens and old red blood cells.
Kyphosis (kye-FOH-sis)
An exaggerated thoracic curvature of the vertebral column.
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