DIALIN (Loperamide HCL 2mg)
Dialin capsules are colored grey/green and contain 2mg Loperamide Hydrochloride.
Loperamide binds to the opiate receptor in the gut wall, thereby reducing propulsive peristalsis and increasing intestinal transit time. Loperamide also increases the tone of the anal sphincter.
Dialin is used for the symptomatic treatment of acute diarrhea in adults and children aged 4 years and over. Dialin can also be used for symptomatic treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic diarrhea for periods of up to 5 days in adults and children over 12 years.
Dosage and administration
Adults and children over 12 years: two capsules initially followed by one capsule after every loose stool/motion. The usual dose is 3-4 capsules a day. The maximum daily dosage should not exceed 8 capsules.
Children 4-12 years: On doctor’s advice
Children under 4 years: Not recommended
Further investigations into the cause of diarrhea should be considered if there is no improvement within two days of starting treatment with Dialin.
Dialin should not be used when inhibition of peristalsis is to be avoided, in particular when ileus or constipation are present or when abdominal distention develops particularly in severely dehydrated children or in patients with acute ulcerative colitis or pseudomembranous colitis associated with broad spectrum antibiotics. Dialin should not be used alone in acute dysentery, which is characterized by blood in stools and elevated body temperature.
In patients with diarrhea fluid and electrolyte depletion may occur. Use of Dialin does not preclude the administration of appropriate fluid and electrolyte replacement therapy. Since persistent diarrhea can be an indicator of potentially more serious conditions, Dialin should not be used for prolonged periods until the underlying cause of the diarrhea has been investigated. Dialin must be used with caution in patients with defective hepatic function.
It is not advisable to administer Dialin to pregnant or nursing women/
If symptoms persist a doctor should be consulted.
The most common side effects observed are abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, tiredness, dizziness, dry mouth and skin reactions.