management of bites and stings

First Aid: Bites and stings

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First Aid: Bites and stings

Injuries  produced  by  animal  or  human  bites  may  cause  punctures,  lacerations  or  avulsions.  Not  only  care  for  open  wounds  but  also  consideration  must  be  given  to  the  danger  of  infection,  especially  rabies.

Human Bite: Human bites that break the skin may become seriously infected because many bacteria exist in the mouth. Cleanse the wound thoroughly with clean water, dry, cover it and seek medical attention.

Animal Bite: The bite of any animal or a pet may result in an open wound. Dog and cat bites are common. A rabbi is a viral infection which can be transmitted from infected animals such as dogs and cats to human being. There is no known cure for rabies in human beings or animals once symptoms develop.

management of bites and stings

• A bite on the face or neck should receive immediate medical attention, because of the proximity to brain.

• Keep the animal under observation if possible at least for 10 days.

• Do not kill the animal unless absolutely necessary. Injuries produced by animal or human bites may cause punctures.

• Tetanus is an added danger in an animal bite. Any animal bite carries a great risk of infection

First Aid Measures

First aid measure for animal bite is similar to other types of wounds but in the case of dog bite:

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• Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water, flush the bitten area. Animal bit wounds are not recommended to be sutured and dressed.

• Make sure that the victim avoids movement of the affected part until he/she receives the medical attention.

• Refer the victim to health institution for medical attention.

First aid interventions

• Insure airway, breathing, and circulation before management of surface injury

• Identify and treat other more serious injuries.

• Control bleeding with direct pressure or by elevating the affected part. Initial bleeding may help remove dirt and contaminants from the wound

• Assess for impaled object. Stabilize for removal under controlled environment.

• Clean the wound using running water as an irrigating solution and mild soap as a cleansing agent.

• After bleeding has subsided and the area has been cleansed, protect the wound with sterile or clean dressing. Small cuts may be left open to the air. Extensive wounds may require a bulky dressing applied with pressure to minimize movement.

(See First Aid for wound and bleeding article)

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