Knowing what to do immediately if an accident occurs can help to reduce suffering and the consequences of serious accidents. In some situations, first aid can be lifesaving, example, and the control of bleeding. It can also prevent an injured person’s condition from worsening, example, by protecting and treating wounds, placing a person in the best possible position, offering reassurance, and seeking immediate assistance.
Therefore, laboratory workers should receive a basic practical training in first aid, with particular attention being paid to the types of accidents, which may occur in the laboratory. They should also know what emergency action needs to be taken if an outpatient or blood donor collapses in the laboratory.
First Aid Equipment
An adequately equipped first aid box should be kept in the laboratory, in a place that is known and accessible to all members of staff. The box should be clearly identified by a white cross on a green background. It should be preferably made up of metal or plastic to prevent it being destroyed by pests and to protect the contests from dust and dirt. The contents should be inspected regularly.
Recommended contents of laboratory first aid box include
Clear instruction on how to apply emergency treatment of cuts, bleeding, heat burns, chemical burns, chemical injury to the eye, swallowing of acids, alkalis and other poisonous chemicals, treatment fainting, electric shock, and how to perform emergency resuscitation.
Sterile un medicated dressing to cover wound;
Absorbent cotton wool;
Triangular and roll bandages
Sterile adhesive water proof dressing in a variety of sizes;
Sterile eye pads;
Roll of adhesive tape;
Sodium bicarbonate powder;
Boric acid powder;
5% acetic acid;
Magnesium hydroxide suspension.