Management of Nose bleeds
Nose bleeds are usually the result of weakened or dried out blood tissues in the nose. A nose bleed can be triggered by a bang to the nose, picking or blowing it. However, it can be the symptom of a more serious problem such as high blood pressure or a fractured skull.
· Keep the victim in sitting position head tilted foreword to allow the blood to drain.
· Gently pinch the soft part of the nose, and maintain constant pressure for 10 minutes.
· Tell the casualty to breathe through their mouth.
· If bleeding does not stop, insert a small clean pad of gauze into one or both nostrils and apply pressure externally with thumb and index finger.
· Once the bleeding has stopped, recommend to the casualty that they try to continue breathing through their mouth and not blow their nose for the next couple of hours as this may trigger another nose bleed.
· However, if the bleeding continues for more than 30 minutes, or they take an ‘anti-coagulant’ drug (e.g. warfarin), get them to hospital ensuring they stay in an upright position.
· If the casualty has a history of frequent nose bleeds, recommend they visit their doctor to determine why.