Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, as a cough medicine, and for diarrhea. It is typically used to treat mild to moderate degrees of pain. Greater benefit may occur when combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin or ibuprofen
Isoflurane, sold under the trade name Forane among others, is a general anesthetic. It can be used to start or maintain anesthesia. Often another medication is used to start anesthesia due to airway irritation with isoflurane
Anesthesia is a reversible condition of comfort, quiescence and physiological stability in a patient before, during and after performance of a procedure. These drugs are generally administered by an anesthesiologist/anesthetist in order to induce or maintain anesthesia
Nitrous oxide has significant medical uses, especially in surgery and dentistry, for its anaesthetic and pain reducing effects. Its name “laughing gas”, coined by Humphry Davy, is due to the euphoric effects upon inhaling it
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