shortness of breath

Pleural Disorders

What Are Pleural Disorders?

Pleural disorders are conditions that affect the tissue that covers the outside of the lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity. The tissue is called the pleura, and the thin space between its two layers is called the pleural space. A small amount of fluid fills the pleural space, and when you breathe in and out, this fluid helps the pleural layers glide smoothly against each other.


What Is Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis?

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious chronic (long term) disease that affects the tissue surrounding the air sacs, or alveoli, in your lungs. This condition develops when that lung tissue becomes thick and stiff for unknown reasons. Over time, these changes can cause permanent scarring in the lungs, called fibrosis, that makes it progressively more difficult to breathe.

The Human Circulatory System

What Is a Heart Attack?

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, happens when the flow of blood that brings oxygen to a part of your heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked. Your heart can’t get enough oxygen. If blood flow is not restored quickly, the heart muscle will begin to die.

acute and chronic cough

What is childhood interstitial lung disease?

Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) describes a group of rare lung diseases that can affect babies, children, and teens. It is alsoThese diseases have some similar symptoms, such as shortness of breath, rapid breathing, and coughing. They may also damage the lungs in similar ways, making it harder for oxygen to pass through the lungs and into the body. called diffuse lung disease.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency

What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

AAT is a protein made in your liver to help protect the lungs. If your body does not make enough AAT, your lungs are more easily damaged from smoking, pollution, or dust from the environment. This can lead to COPD. AAT deficiency may also cause a liver disease called cirrhosis. This is more common in children who have AAT deficiency.